Latrine coverage a big problem, even in Kampala
The Ugandan Government and Kampala City authorities say Kampala is one of the districts with the least latrine coverage, standing at as low as 20%.
The In Charge Environmental Health ministry of health Stephen Kayanja as a result the biggest population in Kampala is at risk of contracting diseases emanating from poor sanitation.
Kayanja notes that it’s high time they prioritized preventive measures to control and reduce the disease burden in the city.
On this World Toilet Day, the continental health charity, AMREF, commissioned 30 toilets it has constructed for the people in Kawempe division, Kampala District.
Most of the latrines in Kampala are ‘communal, or shared between households, and according to experts, this created problems around maintenance, hence a health hazard.
Sanitary facilities are mainly pit ordinary latrines, Ventilator-Improved Pit latrines and toilets.
According to a survey by regional not-for-profit Twaweza, the other kind is the hanging toilet, usually located above a water source, and the waste is then released into the water system. One quarter of households in urban areas use this kind, while it is also used by 4 percent in rural areas.
According to the survey, half of the respondents in both rural and urban areas use the ordinary pit latrine while when it comes to ventilator-improved pit-latrines (with a pipe from the pit to the roof), rural households fare better with a 37 percent coverage compared to their urban counterparts where two in 10 have VIPs.
Only 5% percent of urban households have flush toilets while in the rural areas, there is hardly any.
This, the authorities say, is pausing a high health risk, and that more resources are needed to, to only construct facilities, but to sensitise the communities about the importance of proper toilet/latrines, to avoid diseases like typhoid, cholera, diarrhea and malaria